Article 23 Restrictions

    1. Union or Member State law to which the data controller or processor is subject may restrict by way of a legislative measure the scope of the obligations and rights provided for in Articles 12 to 22 and Article 34, as well as Article 5 in so far as its provisions correspond to the rights and obligations provided for in Articles 12 to 22, when such a restriction respects the essence of the fundamental rights and freedoms and is a necessary and proportionate measure in a democratic society to safeguard:
      1. national security;
      2. defence;
      3. public security;
      4. the prevention, investigation, detection or prosecution of criminal offences or the execution of criminal penalties, including the safeguarding against and the prevention of threats to public security;
      5. other important objectives of general public interest of the Union or of a Member State, in particular, an important economic or financial interest of the Union or of a Member State, including monetary, budgetary and taxation matters, public health and social security;
      6. the protection of judicial independence and judicial proceedings;
      7. the prevention, investigation, detection and prosecution of breaches of ethics for regulated professions;
      8. a monitoring, inspection or regulatory function connected, even occasionally, to the exercise of official authority in the cases referred to in points (a) to (e) and (g);
      9. the protection of the data subject or the rights and freedoms of others;
      10. the enforcement of civil law claims.
    2. In particular, any legislative measure referred to in paragraph 1 shall contain specific provisions at least, where relevant, as to:
      1. the purposes of the processing or categories of processing;
      2. the categories of personal data;
      3. the scope of the restrictions introduced;
      4. the safeguards to prevent abuse or unlawful access or transfer;
      5. the specification of the controller or categories of controllers;
      6. the storage periods and the applicable safeguards taking into account the nature, scope and purposes of the processing or categories of processing;
      7. the risks to the rights and freedoms of data subjects; and
      8. the right of data subjects to be informed about the restriction, unless that may be prejudicial to the purpose of the restriction.