Privacy by design and by default
Privacy by design and by default iis an approach to systems and application design that takes privacy into account during the engineering process for any system that collects, processes, or stores personal data.
The GDPR article 25 states that the data controllers, both at the time of the determination of the means for processing and at the time of the processing itself, implement appropriate technical and organisational measures which are designed to implement data-protection principles and to integrate the necessary safeguards into the processing.
The controller shall implement appropriate technical and organisational measures for ensuring that, by default, only personal data which are necessary for each specific purpose of the processing are processed. That obligation applies to the amount of personal data collected, the extent of their processing, the period of their storage and their accessibility. In particular, such measures shall ensure that by default personal data are not made accessible without the individual's intervention to an indefinite number of natural persons.
Benefits of Privacy by Design
Privacy by design is an essential tool to reduce privacy risk and build trust. Creating systems, products, processes and projects with privacy at the outset can lead you to numerous benefits, such as: