What are Cyber Essentials?
The Cyber Essentials is an assurance for organisations of all sizes to help show to clients and different partners that the most vital fundamental Cyber Security controls are used.
After completion of promise certificate, the organisations are issued Cyber Essentials and Cyber Essentials Plus certificates. The certificates are designed for small and medium-size companies to full fill cyber security basic needed things and give them with promise at a low-cost. It’s worth noting that Cyber Essentials is a Government-backed scheme that helps the organisation to protect against the several common cyber attacks.
There are several types of Cyberattacks, but a significant number are very basic, carried out by relatively inexpert people. First, check if the doors are unlocked they act like a typical thief. Some basic but essentials practices can avoid cyber crimes or attacks.
An organisation can put in place five technical controls:
- Access controls
- Secure Configuration
- Malware Protection
- Patch Management
An organisation should protect its Internet connection by creating a ‘buffer zone’ between it’s IT network and other, external networks. It is also called Firewalls.
The firewall analysis incoming traffic to find out whether or not it should be allowed on to its network.
✓ Types of firewall:
- A personal firewall for each laptop or computers. It comes as a standard.
- A dedicated firewall to protect the whole network. It’s mostly for a more complicated set up with many types of devices. A wide range of routers has this ability.
New software and devices to be open, manufacturers often set the default setup. They come with ‘everything on’ to make them easily connectable and usable. Unfortunately, these settings can also give cyberattackers with opportunities to easily gain unauthorized access to data.
- Check the settings:
New software and devices settings should always be checked where possible, make changes to strengthen the security. For example, by disabling or removing any functions, accounts or services which is not needed/demanded.
- Use passwords:
Laptops, tablets, desktop computers and smartphone contain data and often save the details of the online accounts that one can use, so the devices and online accounts should always be protected by a password. Passwords are an effective and easy way to prevent unauthorised users from accessing devices. A Password should be hard for somebody else to guess. Before devices are distributed and used the users must change all default passwords. The default passwords are easy to guess. The use of pins or touch-ID can also help secure a device.
- Extra Security
For ‘important’ accounts, such as banking and IT administration, users should use two-factor authentication (2FA). An effective and common example of this involves a code sent to a smartphone which a user must enter in addition to his password.