Breaking Down VCDPA: Comparison With Other Privacy Laws

The United States government has developed different privacy laws which cover almost every state of America. A privacy-embedded country has a higher percentage of growth from multiple aspects. This occurs due to the reason for protecting the personal information of local citizens. Similarly, we will study here the privacy laws introduced for Virginia state in Virginia Consumer Data Protection Act (VCDPA). 

Privacy laws let individuals and businesses identify, protect, use, gather and share information upon their own will. These laws are designed to ensure that individuals maintain control over their personal information and that businesses handle it responsibly. 

Privacy rules encourage accountability and transparency in data management procedures. Businesses must give people clear and intelligible privacy notices. They should get their permission before collecting their personal information. And, using data security procedures relevant to the type of information they manage. Here, we have provided insights and detailed knowledge about the Virginia Consumer Data Protection Act.

What is VCDPA?

Once Virginia legislation was approved in March 2021, Governor Ralph Northam created a privacy regulation for the citizens of the state. It became official on 1st January 2023.

Similar to these regulations, the VCDPA gives Virginians special rights over their personal information. And, imposes limitations on businesses that collect or process personal data.

Residents of fall to the following rights under the CDPA: 

  • Access and a copy of the personal data that enterprises have on them.
  • Ensure that their personal info is accurate.
  • In specific situations, delete their personal information.
  • Choosing not to have their personal information sold if a company does so.
  • If a company uses their personal data for targeted advertising, it can choose not to have that data processed.

 Additionally, the CDPA Virginia places requirements on enterprises, such as:

  • Giving Virginia residents a clear and prominent privacy notice outlining the company’s data processing practices and outlining their rights.
  • Executing data protection evaluations for certain data processing operations.
  • Putting adequate data security procedures into practice.
  • Before processing sensitive personal data, Virginia residents must give their consent.

Where is VCDPA applicable?


The Virginia state has passed the law to protect the rights and personal privacy of its individuals. After CPRA and CCPA, VCDPA ranks second in America at the national level.

It is important to keep in mind that the Virginia Consumer Data Protection Act (VCDPA) language applies to businesses outside the state as well. Those that handle the personal data of Virginia citizens and satisfy certain benchmark conditions.

CDPA Virginia doesn’t limit to the state but businesses outside the Virginia state also implies to it. Moreover, its major area is the localities of Virginia and because of this, it holds conditions such as:

  • Businesses that are responsible for handling the utmost of 100,000 Virginia people are responsible for VCDPA. 
  • Virginia Privacy Act is a legislation for the companies whose annual revenue is almost 50%.

Rules That Virginia Data Privacy Act Hold

Businesses that target Virginia residents or conduct business there and satisfy specified revenue or data processing requirements are subject to the CDPA. Virginia Privacy Regulation Act doesn’t give ay leverage to Government organizations and non-profitable companies

The Virginia Consumer Data Protection Act (VCDPA) comprises several restrictions that control how Virginia citizens’ personal data is processed. Key regulations under the VCDPA include the following:

  • Having access: Businesses which fall under VCDPA, its residents have the right to access their personal data.
  • Right to rectification: Residents of Virginia have the right to ask businesses to amend any erroneous or missing personal information.
  • The ability to delete: Subject to certain circumstances, Virginia individuals have the right to ask businesses to erase their personal information.
  • Data compression: Companies must only gather and use the personal data that is legitimately required for their legal purposes.
  • Limitation of use: The information is changed after the consent of Virginia’s people. 
  • Data protection: Companies must take suitable precautionary measures to avoid any incident which involves damage to clients’ personal data.
  • Agreements restricting the use of data: Businesses must establish contracts requiring adherence to the VCDPA with the service providers handling their personal data.
  • Privacy disclosures: Companies should give Virginia residents clear and concise privacy statements that outline their data processing methods and the rights of individuals.
  • Discrimination is forbidden: Companies are not allowed to discriminate against Virginians who exercise their VCDPA rights.
  • Sanctions and enforcement: The Virginia Attorney General is responsible for upholding the VCDPA and may impose fines of up to $7,500 for each violation.

What are the new Virginia data privacy laws?

Laws like the General Data Protection Privacy Regulation (GDPR), California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA), California Privacy Right Act (CPRA) etc. hold similar properties, rules and regulations because universal privacy protection rules are almost the same globally. 

But, there are slight variations in each of them, making it a little different from the other. Here we have discussed some Virginia data privacy laws which are different from other laws.

  • Data privacy rights: Residents of Virginia have the right to view, amend, and delete their personal data under the VCDPA. They are also given the option to refuse the processing of their personal data for targeted advertising, selling of personal data, or profiling in support of decisions that have significant legal or other consequences for the resident.
  • Data processing tenets: Businesses must abide by the VCDPA’s rules regarding data minimization, purpose restriction, data accuracy, data security, and accountability.
  • Assessments of data protection: For specific types of processing operations, such as processing for targeted advertising, the selling of personal data, or profiling, businesses are required to complete data protection assessments.
  • Agreements for data processing: Companies must engage in written agreements requiring service providers who handle personal data on their behalf to abide by the VCDPA.
  • Observance and sanctions: The Virginia Attorney General enforces the VCDPA and has the authority to fine violators up to $7,500 per offence.



GDPR and VCDPA are regulatory laws to protect the privacy of people. Both laws attempt to safeguard people’s rights to their privacy and their data, but they differ in some important ways. While the Virginia data privacy act solely protects the data of Virginia residents, GDPR has a wider scope and applies to all EU individuals’ data. While VCDPA contains more detailed regulations on data security and consumer rights, GDPR also includes tougher requirements for data processing and consent.

Meanwhile, CPRA includes additional consumer rights, such as the right to limit the use of sensitive personal information, while the Virginia data protection act does not. CPRA also has a broader definition of personal information and more extensive requirements for data security and breach notification. VCDPA, on the other hand, has a narrower scope. It only applies to Virginia residents’ data, while CPRA covers California residents’ data. 

Seers data privacy rules are based upon international laws which cover the utmost 98% of global privacy and is applicable everywhere.


Unlike other laws, CDPA Virginia relies on Virginia or citizens of Virginia in other states. Its protection strategy is the same as per the other laws. The Virginia Privacy Act is analogous to other data privacy laws as the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) and the EU General Data Protection Regulation. Despite some notable differences in terms of breadth and specific criteria (GDPR). The people of Virginia who live inside and outside the state can take privilege’s of Virginia CDPA

VCDPA imposes fines to companies who go against the privacy or fail to provide secure environment. Virginia citizens who comply with the legislation generate almost 50% of revenue.

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